From adders and Arctic skua to wildcats and wood anemones, Scotland is home to a huge diversity of wildlife.

Browse our species profiles below to find out more about some of Scotland’s wildlife.

List of species

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192 records found

Vipera berus

Adders are relatively small, stocky snakes which prefer woodland, heathland and moorland habitat. They are grey or reddish brown, with

Arctic skua
Stercorarius parasiticus

The arctic skua is a large seabird about the size of a common gull. Arctic skuas are pirates: chasing other

Arctic tern
Sterna paradisaea

The Arctic tern is a medium-sized tern which nests in colonies on sand and shingle beaches along the coast. Common

Aspen (European)
Populus tremula

The European aspen is a medium-sized fast-growing hardy broadleaf tree with a long slender trunk with smooth to slightly wrinkled

Atlantic salmon
Salmo salar

Atlantic salmon can be very large fish, growing over a metre in length. They are found in the cleanest rivers,

Meles meles

One of Scotland’s most charismatic mammals, the badger is a member of the mustelid family (the same group as stoats,

Barn owl
Tyto alba

Perhaps the most familiar owl, the barn owl will often hunt during the daytime and can be seen ‘quartering’ over

Basking shark
Cetorhinus maximus

The basking shark is the second largest fish in our oceans – its relative the whale shark being the biggest.

Eurasian beaver
Castor fiber

Once a common sight across the UK, the Eurasian beaver was hunted to extinction in Britain around 400 years ago.

Bell heather
Erica cinerea

Bell heather is found in a variety of harsh habitats including heathland, acidic soils, open woodland and even coastal areas.

Black grouse
Tetrao tetrix

The black grouse is a large gamebird about the same size as a female pheasant. Males are unmistakable black birds

Black-headed gull
Chroicocephalus ridibundus

The adult black-headed gull is most recognisable in its summer plumage, when the dark chocolate-coloured hood (which looks black when

Black-throated diver
Gavia arctica

The black-throated diver is a large waterbird: larger than the great crested grebe but smaller than the cormorant in size.

Blue tit
Cyanistes caeruleus

Found in 98% of British gardens, the blue tit is identified by its colourful plumage. Blue tit’s wings, tail and

Hyacinthoides non-scripta

Bluebells spend most of the year as bulbs underground in ancient woodlands, only emerging to flower and leaf from April

Menyanthes trifoliata

Found mostly in the north of Scotland, the bogbean gets its name from its leaves which have a close resemblance

Bottlenose dolphin
Tursiops truncatus

The most familiar of the dolphins and the most likely to be seen from British shores, the bottlenose dolphin is

Brown hare
Lepus europaeus

Brown hares graze on vegetation and nibble bark from young trees and bushes. Hares shelter in a ‘form’, which is

Brown long-eared bat
Plecotus auritus

A medium-sized bat, the brown long-eared bat certainly lives up to its name! All British bats are nocturnal, feeding on

Brown trout
Salmo trutta

A medium to large fish, the brown trout lives in fast-flowing, stony and gravelly rivers. Brown trout are predatory fish,

Ajuga reptans

Bugle is a native perennial, herbaceous flowering plant belonging to the mint family. It is found in rough pasture, waste

Pyrrhula pyrrhula

The bullfinch is a large, plump finch which feeds on buds and fruit in woodlands, hedgerows, parklands, gardens and orchards.

Buzzard (common)
Buteo buteo buteo

The common buzzard is a medium-sized diurnal bird of prey and typically seen soaring high above woodland, grassland or farmland.

Canada goose
Branta canadensis canadensis

The Canada goose is a large goose with a distinctive black head and neck and a large white throat patch.

Tetrao urogallus

The capercaillie is the largest member of the game bird family. It resides in the pinewoods of Scotland, but is

Boletus edulis

Also known as ‘penny bun bolete’, cep is an edible fungus which can be found growing in soil at the

Coal tit
Periparus ater

The coal tit is the smallest European tit, known for their lively and acrobatic nature and ability to hang upside

Cod (Atlantic)
Gadus morhua

Cod is a marine cold-water fish. It has three dorsal and two anal fins and a pronounced lateral line from

Collared dove
Streptopelia decaocto

Part of the pigeon and dove family, the collared dove can be distinguished from its close relatives as it is

Polygonia c-album

The comma is a medium-sized orange and brown spotted butterfly. It is on the wing throughout the year, having several

Common blue butterfly
Polyommatus icarus

The common blue is a small blue butterfly which flies throughout the summer between April and October. The most widespread

Common blue damselfly
Enallagma cyathigerum

Living up to its name, the common blue damselfly is both very common and very blue. It is an insect

Common butterwort
Pinguicula vulgaris

The common butterwort, also known as bog violet or marsh violet, can be found in damp areas such as bogs,

Common cuttlefish
Sepia officinalis

Cuttlefish are related to slugs, snails, mussels and squid. They are not fish, but shallow water cephalopods and dwell on

Common darter
Sympetrum striolatum

The common darter is a small, narrow-bodied dragonfly which is on the wing from the end of June right through

Common European brittle star
Ophiothrix fragilis

The common brittle star is an echinoderm, closely related to starfish. It is found in shallow marine waters and has

Common frog
Rana temporaria

Common frogs are amphibians, coming to ponds to breed during the spring and spending much of the rest of the

Common hawthorn
Crataegus monogyna

In May, our hedgerows burst into life as common hawthorn erupts with masses of creamy-white blossom, colouring the landscape and

Common juniper
Juniperus communis

Common juniper is a sprawling, evergreen shrub that tends to grow in colonies on chalk downland, moorland, rocky slopes and

Common lizard
Zootoca vivipara

Living further north than any other reptile species, the common lizard is also remarkable for giving birth to its young,

Common mussel
Mytilus edulis

The common (or blue) mussel is a medium-sized edible marine bivalve mollusc. It is characterised by a smooth wedge, or

Common pipistrelle
Pipistrellus pipistrellus

The common pipistrelle is our smallest and most common bat. Pipistrelles have dark, golden-brown fur, a slightly paler underside and

Common poppy
Papaver rhoeas

Also referred to as the corn poppy, the common poppy is prevalent throughout farmland, fields, wasteland and roadsides mainly due

Common redstart
Phoenicurus phoenicurus phoenicurus

The common redstart is identifiable by its slim stature, erect posture and rusty-red quivering tail. Adult males look to be

Common scoter
Melanitta nigra

A squat, dark seaduck, the common scoter gathers in flocks of several hundred or even thousands in winter, mostly feeding

Common starfish
Asterias rubens

The body of the common starfish (or sea star) has five tapering arms which are broad at the base often

Common toad
Bufo bufo

Toads are amphibians, breeding in ponds during the spring and spending much of the rest of the year feeding on

Common tern
Sterna hirundo

The common tern is a medium-sized tern and the one you are most likely to see away from known breeding

Phalacrocorax carbo carbo

The cormorant is a large and conspicuous water bird that can live in either marine or  freshwater habitats. It has

Crex crex

The corncrake, also referred to as landrail, is an extremely secretive bird hiding and nesting in long grassland around the

Cross-leaved heath
Erica tetralix

Cross-leaved heath is a type of heather that gets its name from the distinctive whorls of four leaves that occur

Loxia curvirostra

The crossbill is a large finch of conifer woodlands; so-named for its bizarre cross-tipped bill, which it uses skilfully to

Cuculus canorus

About the size of a collared dove, the cuckoo is a scarce summer visitor to most of Britain, arriving in

Numenius arquata

Curlew are very large, tall waders, about the same size as a female pheasant. Curlew are mottled brown and grey

Cinclus cinclus

The dipper is a short-tailed bird with a plump body shape. They are unmistakable, with a white throat and breast,

Dog whelk snail
Nucella lapillus

Dog whelks are inter-tidal snails with a shell which is conical with a rounded spire. The shell is usually white,

Charadrius morinellus

The dotterel is a member of the plover family, also known as charadrius morinellus. The dotterel has a grey-brown body,

Calidris alpina alpina

The northern dunlin is a small, starling-sized wader, with a short neck and medium to long gently downward curved bill.

Anguilla anguilla

Eels are very long, narrow freshwater fish which can grow over a metre in length. Eels look smooth and lack

Somateria mollissima

The eider duck is characterised by its wedge-shaped bill and bulky shape. Males have a black and white plumage with

Elephant hawk-moth
Deilephila elpenor

Found throughout the UK in urban gardens, woodlands, sand dunes and countryside, the elephant hawk-moth is easily recognised by its

European lobster
Homarus gammarus

The European lobster is an invertebrate marine creature with a rigid, segmented body covering called an exoskeleton. It has five

Turdus pilaris

Fieldfares are large long-tailed colourful thrushes and a common and widespread winter visitor to Scotland. Adults have a blue-grey head

Flame shells
Limaria hians

Flame shells are bivalve molluscs. They take their name from the bright red/orange filamentous fringe or mantle and tentacles which

Fulmarus glacialis

The fulmar is a grey-white pelagic seabird, or nomad of the ocean, only coming ashore to rocky islands or desolate

Garden tiger moth
Arctia caja

This large, brightly coloured moth is on the wing towards the end of the summer during July and August. The

Trollius europaeus

Globeflowers prefers damp soil and provides a splash of colour in wet meadows, on riverbanks, in damp woodland and occassionally

Golden eagle
Aquila chrysaetos

The golden eagle is the top predator in the Scottish countryside; it is a massive bird of prey that mainly

Golden plover
Pluvialis apricaria

The golden plover, also known as pluvialis apricaria, is a bird of many colours which change from summer to winter.

Carduelis carduelis

The adult goldfinch is a small striking finch with a black and white head and an unmistakable red face. Their

Mergus merganser

A handsome, streamlined duck, goosanders are larger than mallards and belong to the sawbill family. Female goosanders are grey, with

Hipparchia semele

A medium-sized butterfly, graylings spend much of their time sunbathing on the ground, with their closed wings angled to catch

Great crested newt
Triturus cristatus

The great crested newt is the UK’s biggest species of newt. They are almost black in colour, with spotted flanks

Great skua
Stercorarius skua

The great skua is a large, heavy seabird, roughly the size of a herring gull. At a distance the great

Great spotted woodpecker
Dendrocopos major anglicus

The great spotted woodpecker is a striking black-and-white bird with a very distinctive bouncing flight. Adults have a deep red

Great tit
Parus major

The largest of the tit family, the great tit can be identified by their blue wings, yellow breast and yellow-green

Greater stitchwort
Stellaria holostea

Recognised by pretty star-shaped white flowers and grass-like leaves, greater stitchwort often forms impressive dense patches. It is commonly found

Green-veined white
Pieris napi

As its name suggests, the adult green-veined white butterfly has white/creamy coloured wings with prominent greenish-grey veins particularly on the

Grey heron
Ardea cinerea

The grey heron is a big, strongly built heron. This species is one of the UK’s most recognisable birds. Their

Grey partridge
Perdix perdix

A plump, round gamebird the grey partridge is locally common but now thinly distributed and becoming scarce in most parts

Grey seal
Halichoerus grypus

A very large mammal, the grey seal spends most of its time out at sea where it feeds on fish.

Grey squirrel
Sciurus carolinensis

One of our most familiar mammals, the grey squirrel can be found in woods, gardens and parks, often proving to

Greylag goose
Anser anser

The greylag goose is the largest breed of wild goose native to the British Isles. They have large bulky bodies

Uria aalge

The guillemot is a seabird of the auk family that comes on land to breed in the summer. Most guillemots

Harbour porpoise
Phocoena phocoena

The harbour porpoise is the most commonly seen porpoise in shallow coastal waters, estuaries, bays and river mouths. It is

Harbour seal
Phoca vitulina

The smaller of our two seal species, harbour seals (also known as common seals) are often found around sheltered shores

Hawthorn shield bug
Acanthosoma haemorrhoidale

Found in woodlands and gardens the hawthorn shield bug is a large bug with pointed ‘shoulders’. They are mainly bright

Calluna vulgaris

Heather is also known as ‘Ling’ and is an abundant plant on heathland, moors, bogs and even in woodland with

Erinaceus europaeus

Small, round, brown and famously covered in spines, the hedgehog is one of the most familiar of Britain’s wild mammals.

Hen harrier
Circus cyaneus

The hen harrier is a bird of prey which was once famous for predating fowl, giving the species its name.

Hermit crab
Pagurus bernhardus

Hermit crabs are crustaceans, i.e., they are related to crabs, lobsters and prawns. However, unlike other crab species, hermit crabs do

Herring gull
Larus argentatus

Herring gulls are large gulls and one of the commonest in Western Europe. In Scotland, the Western herring gull is

Ilex aquifolium

Holly is a small evergreen broadleaf tree with distinctive deep green, spiky, leathery shiny leaves and bright red berries. It

Honey buzzard
Pernis apivorus

The honey buzzard is a summer visitor to Scotland migrating from Africa for breeding season. They are birds of prey

Falco tinnunculus

The kestrel one of our best known bird of prey. Kestrels are a little smaller than a pigeon and can

Alcedo atthis

A famously colourful bird of rivers and streams, the kingfisher can be spotted sitting quietly on low-hanging branches over the

Rissa tridactyla

A slight, medium-sized, pelagic gull with a flight pattern that is more elegant (and more Tern-like) than other gulls. Kittiwakes

Calidris canutus

The knot is a medium-sized, plump wader that is longer and bulkier than sanderling or dunlin. Knots are usually seen

Vanellus vanellus

Familiar birds of farmlands and wetlands, lapwings can often be seen wheeling through winter skies in large, black and white

Large tortoiseshell
Nymphalis polychloros

The large tortoiseshell is an eye-catching medium to large butterfly with orange/red wings which have three costal (leading edge) black

Large yellow underwing
Noctua pronuba

This large-sized moth has long, narrow, rounded, brown-grey forewings which can vary enormously in the ground colouring and marbling. The

Carduelis cannabina

The linnet is a common, small finch of heathland, scrub and farmland. Linnets feed on seeds and are present all

Long-eared owl
Asio otus

The long-eared owl is a medium-sized owl, slightly smaller and thinner than a tawny owl, but very secretive and difficult

Long-tailed tit
Aegithalos caudatus

The long-tailed tit is a delightful small, rotund tit with a long narrow black tail with white edges. The wings

Lynx lynx

Once resident in Scotland, the lynx is thought to have become extinct in the UK during the medieval period around

Phymatolithon calcareum

Maerl is a generic term for purple-pink hard coralline algae that form twig-like shapes (thalli) as unattached ‘carpets’ on the

Marsh fritillary
Euphydryas aurinia

Once widespread throughout Britain, the marsh fritillary has suffered dramatic decline, with a drop in numbers of 66% from 1990

Meadow pipit
Anthus pratensis

The meadow pipit, also known as anthus pratensis, is a common nesting bird in the moorlands, salt marshes and unimproved

Falco columbarius

The merlin is the UK’s smallest bird of prey, but their small size does not make them any less intimidating

Talpa europaea

The mole spends most of its life below ground, and you are more likely to see their distinctive molehills than

Moon jellyfish (common jellyfish)
Aurelia aurita

The moon jellyfish is almost entirely translucent and can be recognised by four bright pinkish/purple horseshoe-shaped circles, the gonads i.e.,

Moorhen (common)
Gallinula chloropus

The moorhen is a blackish/grey bird (about the size of a crow) with a very distinctive red bill which has

Narrow headed ant
Formica exsecta

The narrow headed ant is a wood ant, which are the largest type of ant in Britain. They are red

Northern brown argus
Aricia artaxerxes

Northern brown argus butterflies occur in small colonies of less than fifty individuals and the females have only one brood

Sitta europaea

The nuthatch is a rotund bird (about the size of a great tit) with distinctive blue-grey wings, head and tail.

Anthocharis cardamines britannica

The adult male orange-tip is unmistakable; white medium-sized butterflies with bright orange wingtips on their primary wings with a single

Orcinus orca

Also known as the ‘killer whale’, the orca one of the top predators in the world’s oceans. The black and

Orkney vole
Microtus arvalis orcadensis

The Orkney vole is a sub-species of the common vole and unique to the Orkney Islands. It is larger and

Lutra lutra

The Eurasian otter is one of our top predators, feeding mainly on fish, waterbirds, amphibians and crustaceans. Otters can be

Haematopus ostralegus

A common wader, the oystercatcher is very noisy with a loud ‘peep-ing’ call. They are unmistakeabl, with : black and

Painted lady
Vanessa cardui

The adult painted lady is a medium to large orange-brown butterfly with beautiful markings. The forewings have black tips marked

Peregrine falcon
Falco peregrinus

The peregrine is our biggest falcon; dark slate-grey above and white below with black bars. It has a white throat

Pied wagtail
Motacilla alba yarrellii

A rather small, elegant slender bird with a long, narrow black and white tail which is constantly wagged up and

Esox lucius

The pike, or northern pike is one of the largest freshwater fish found in the UK. They can be spotted

Pine marten
Martes martes

Pine martens are elusive animals, found primarily in the north of Britain. Mostly chestnut-brown in colour, pine martens have a characteristic

Pink-footed goose
Anser brachyrhynchus

The pink-footed goose is one of our smaller geese, with a relatively short neck and a rounded head . They

Mustela putorius

The polecat, one of the rarest mammals in the country, are members of the mustelid family of small carnivores and

Pond mud snail
Omphiscola glabra

The pond mud snail is a very small freshwater aquatic snail. It is dark brown with an elegant spire that

Pond skater
Gerris lacustris

Found on ponds, marshes, streams and slow-moving waters, the pond skater is a small, thin black-brown insect. They have small

Poplar hawkmoth
Laothoe populi

The poplar hawkmoth is the most common of the hawkmoths and one of the largest resident moths to be seen

Fratercula arctica

The puffin is a small auk, familiar as the ‘clowns’ of the coast with their brightly coloured bills, bumpy landings

Queen scallop
Aequipecten opercularis

The queen scallop is a medium-sized scallop, a marine bivalve (with a hinged double shell). The shell is variable in

Rabbit (European)
Oryctolagus cuniculus

The rabbit is a familiar mammal with soft greyish-brown fur, long ears (without the black tips of hares), long hind

Corvus corax

The raven, a member of the crow family, is a very shy but very large passerine (perching bird). They have

Alca torda

Razorbill populations are migratory and lead a predominantly aquatic lifestyle, only coming on land to breed. Understanding the precise number

Red admiral
Vanessa atalanta

The red admiral is a medium-sized, easy to recognise butterfly with a striking black, orange and white wing pattern. The

Red-breasted merganser
Mergus serrator

The red-breasted merganser is a slim long-bodied diving duck with bright red eyes and shaggy crest of feathers gives the

Red campion
Silena dioca

Red campion is a medium to tall native wildflower. In May, right through to late summer, large swathes of pinkish-red

Red deer
Cervus elaphus

The red deer is Scotland’s largest deer. Males have large, branching antlers, increasing in size as they get older. These

Red grouse
Lagopus lagopus scotica

The red grouse is a medium-sized game bird with a plump body, short black tail and slightly hooked beak. Red

Red kite
Milvus milvus

The red kite is a scavenger bird that was once very rare across the UK and even became extinct in

Red squirrel
Sciurus vulgaris

The red squirrel is most often found in coniferous woods. Scotland is home to over 75% of the UK’s red

Red-throated diver
Gavia stellata

The red-throated diver does indeed have a brick-red throat in its adult summer plumage. It has a white belly, silky

Tringa totanus

A common wading bird, both resident and migrant in Scotland, breeding throughout the country. The redshank is an elegant, medium-sized

Reed bunting
Emberiza schoeniclus

A sparrow-sized bird of reedbeds, wetlands and farmland, the reed bunting feeds on seeds and invertebrates. Reed buntings are streaky,

Ringed plover
Charadrius hiaticula

A small, robust and boldly marked wader found on open shores, preferring sandy or gravelly habitats. In summer, adults have

Roe deer
Capreolus capreolus

Roe deer have a bright, reddish brown coat and white rump, though their coat becomes a duller grey colour in

Round-leaved sundew
Drosera rotundifolia

The round-leaved sundew is a strange and beautiful plant that can be found sitting among the soggy sphagnum mosses at

Sorbus aucuparia

Rowan is a small tree that can be recognised by its tooth-edged Ash-like leaves (15 leaflets arranged in pairs). It is

Sand martin
Riparia riparia

The sand martin is the smallest of Britain’s swallow and martin family and a common summer visitor. It has a

Scots pine
Pinus sylvestris

Scots pine is the native pine tree in Scotland and has been widely planted elsewhere in the UK, too. During

Scottish crossbill
Loxia scotica

The most striking feature of the Scottish crossbill is its crossed mandibles when its bill is closed. Males have russet

Scottish primrose
Primula scotica

The Scottish primrose is often found near the coast and is endemic to a small area in the very north

Sea campion
Silene maritima

If you happen to be near rocky places such as sea cliffs, shingle coastlines or even gravel paths during the

Zostera and Ruppia 

Seagrass is unique among flowering plants, in that all but one genus can live entirely immersed in seawater. More closely

Sessile oak
Quercus petraea

Sessile oak is a tall tree that can mainly be found in semi-natural woodlands, especially in the north and west

Phalacrocorax aristotelis

The shag is medium-to-large dark-feathered, reptilian-looking bird. It is a widespread resident breeding species in coastal regions throughout Scotland. Although

Tadorna tadorna

The shelduck is a medium-sized goose-like duck with a dark green head and a bright red bill. They have a

Shore crab
Carcinus maenas

Probably the commonest crab in Britain, the shore crab is a medium-sized crab which lives amongst rocks and seaweed from

Silver birch
Betula pendula

Silver birch is a familiar, small, spindly tree with thin branches and papery bark. It is found on heathland, moorland

Alauda arvensis

If seen singing, the skylark is unmistakeable. A streaky brown bird with a crest, the skylark is larger, with a

Small blue
Cupido minimus

The small blue is aptly named as it is our smallest native British butterfly. The wings are brown, fringed with

Small cow-wheat
Melampyrum sylvaticum

Small cow-wheat is a flowering plant that prefers to grow in light shade and high humidity. It can be found

Small heath
Coenonympha pamphilus

The small heath is a small, inconspicuous butterfly of heathland, moorland, grassland and coastal habitats.It is a small, fairly shy,

Small tortoiseshell
Aglais urticae

The small tortoiseshell is one of our most familiar butterflies, often appearing in our cities and gardens. It is a

Gallinago gallinago

A medium-sized wader, the snipe lives in marshes, wet grassland and moorlands. Snipe are brown with an intricate pattern of

Song thrush
Turdus philomelos

The song thrush is a small songbird, commonly found in parks and gardens, woodland and scrub. It is a familiar

Accipiter nisus

The sparrowhawk is abundant throughout Scotland, but they possess a speed and stealth that makes them difficult to spot. As

Sphagnum moss

Sphagnum mosses are the amazingly multi-coloured living carpets of moss found in wet places like peat bogs, marshland, heath and

Spotted flycatcher
Muscicapa striata

Spotted flycatchers are medium-sized songbirds of open woodland, parks and gardens. A streaky, greyish-brown bird, the spotted flycatcher is pale

Sturnus vulgaris

A familiar bird that breeds in farmland, suburban areas and open woodlands. Seen from a distance, starlings look black with

Mustela erminea

The stoat is a small, carnivorous member of the mustelid family, similar in appearance to large weasels. They have long,

Hirundo rustica

The swallow is a common summer visitor, arriving in April and leaving in October. They are glossy, dark blue-black above,

Tawny owl
Strix aluco

A robust, medium-sized owl with a distinct large, rounded head. Tawny owls have a prominent facial disc rimmed with darker,

Armeria maritima

Thrift plants, also known as sea pink, can reach a height of 0.3 metres and can be found along coastal

Tree sparrow
Passer montanus

Tree sparrows are scarce birds of farmland, hedgerows and woodland edges and are not associated with man in the way

Arenaria interpres

The turnstone is a stocky, powerfully built wader with a pointed wedge-shaped grey-black bill and short, bright orange legs. They

Linnaea Borealis

Although mostly found in North East Scotland, the twinflower population has become critically scarce. In an attempt to bring the

Water vole
Arvicola amphibius

Whilst it may resemble a rat (even being dubbed the “water rat” or “ratty”), the water vole has fur on

Anas penelope

A stocky, short-necked duck with a round head and pointed tail. The wigeon has a small grey bill with a

Wild boar
Sus scrofa

Wild boar are part of the pig family. They became extinct in the UK around the 13th Century due to

Felis silvestris

One of our rarest and most endangered mammals, and the only wild member of the cat family in the UK.

Willow warbler
Phylloscopus trochilus

Willow warblers are slim, delicate birds of woodland, scrub, parks and gardens. They are green above and pale yellow below,

Wood anemone
Anemone nemorosa

The wood anemone is a pretty spring flower of ancient woodlands, and is also planted in graveyards, parks and gardens.

Wood warbler
Phylloscopus sibilatrix

The wood warbler is a small bird of oak woodland found in the north and west of the UK, particularly

Troglodytes troglodytes

The diminutive wren can be found in almost any habitat. A tiny, unmistakeable brown bird with a short, cocked tail

Emberiza citrinella

The yellowhammer is a sparrow-sized, bright-yellow bird of woodland edges, hedgerows, heath and farmland that feeds on seeds and invertebrates.

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