Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus

The Small Heath is a small, inconspicuous butterfly of heathland, moorland, grassland and coastal habitats. Adults are on the wing throughout the summer in two or three broods and fly only in sunny conditions, settling close to the ground. Caterpillars feed on a variety of grasses such as fescues and meadow-grasses.

Behaviour

The Small Heath is a small, fairly shy, beige and grey butterfly, with one eyespot on the forewings. It is most likely to be confused with day-flying moths.

Size

Wingspan: 3.3-3.7cm

Status

Classified as a Priority Species in the UK Biodiversity Action Plan.

Distribution

Found throughout the country.

When to see

April – September

Facts

The closely related Large Heath is a butterfly of boggy moorland and is also a Priority Species in the UK Biodiversity Action Plan.

Common name

Small Heath

Species name

Coenonympha pamphilus

When to see in Scotland

April – September

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