The Scottish primrose is often found near the coast and is endemic to a small area in the very north of Scotland. This small, delightful flower grows on moist but well-drained, grazed grasslands. Under-grazing or over-grazing can be damaging to this species. Losses of plants have been attributed to fences blocking grazing cattle, agricultural improvement, house building and tree planting.
Features clusters of dark purple flowers with yellow centres, atop smooth stalks. It also has oval leaves which are deeply veined.
Height: approx 4cm. Flowers: 8mm in diameter with five heart shaped petals.
Nationally scarce, least concern on IUCN list.
Endemic to Scotland, only found in the wild in Caithness, Sutherland and Orkney.
When to see
May – July
Scottish primrose does not seem to be attractive to insects, despite its colourful appearance. It is self fertilising and many plants may never flower.