Common Frog Rana temporaria

Common frogs are amphibians, coming to ponds to breed during the spring and spending much of the rest of the year feeding on dry land, in woodland, gardens, hedgerows and tussocky grassland. Frogs are a familiar inhabitant of garden ponds, where they lay their eggs in big clumps of spawn. They feed on a variety of invertebrates and smaller amphibians. Females are bigger than males.


Colour can vary enormously from green to brown and even red or yellow. Typically brown or grey with smooth skin and long back legs covered in dark bands. Hops and jumps rather than walks.


Length: 8cm Average Lifespan: 5-10 years


Common.Protected in the UK under the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981.


A common and widespread species found throughout the country, except for some Scottish islands, the Isles of Scilly and the Channel Islands.

When to see

February – October


Male Common Frogs have nuptial pads on their front feet to help them grip on to females during the breeding season. The male frog will wrap itself around a female and fertilise her eggs as they are produced; a female frog may lay up to 4,500 eggs in one spring! Frogs can spawn as early as December or as late as April depending on the weather.

Common name

Common Frog

Species name

Rana temporaria

When to see in Scotland

February – October

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