Common Toad Bufo bufo

Toads are amphibians, breeding in ponds during the spring and spending much of the rest of the year feeding on dry land in woodland, gardens, hedgerows and tussocky grassland. Common Toads breed in larger, deeper ponds than Common Frogs. They are famous for their mass migrations back to their breeding ponds on the first warm, damp evenings of the year, often around St. Valentine’s Day.


Olive-brown, warty skin and short back legs. Walks rather than hops. Toads lay their eggs in long strings of spawn, wrapped around aquatic plants.


Length: 8cm Weight: 10-100g Average Lifespan: up to 40 years


Protected in the UK under the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981, and classified as a Priority Species in the UK Biodiversity Action Plan.


Widespread but declining across the country. Found almost everywhere, except for Scottish Islands, Northern Ireland, the Isle of Man, the Isles of Scilly and most of the Channel Islands.

When to see

February – October


Our cities and towns pose a threat to toads; busy roads often block migration paths, making it difficult for them to reach their breeding ponds. In Oxfordshire alone, the roads are littered with 20 tonnes of unlucky toads every spring. If more than 1,000 toads are known to hop across a road in a particular spot, it is dubbed a ?Toad Crossing?.

Common name

Common Toad

Species name

Bufo bufo

When to see in Scotland

February – October

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