Badger Meles meles

One of Scotland’s most charismatic mammals, the badger is a member of the mustelid family (the same group as stoats, weasels and otters). An unmistakable animal, badgers are large and grey, with a short fluffy tail, black belly and paws and the familiar black and white-striped face.

 

Behaviour

Badgers live in large family groups in a burrow system known as a sett. An occupied sett can be recognised by the tidy burrow entrances, marked with piles of used bedding (hay and leaves), and by nearby latrine pits where they leave their droppings. Cubs are born in January or February but spend the first two or three months underground, only emerging in the spring. The best time to spot badgers is during spring and summer, when the young cubs venture out of the den before nightfall.

Badgers feed on earthworms, small mammals, birds eggs, fruit and roots and bulbs. Their strong front paws are well-suited to digging out burrows. If food is in short supply, badgers will forage during the day as well as at night.

Size

  • Length: up to 1.2m including tail
  • Weight: 7-17kg
  • Average lifespan: 3 years but can live up to 14 years in the wild

Status

Fully protected in the UK by the Protection of Badgers Act, 1992, and the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981.

Distribution

Found throughout England, Wales, most of Scotland except for the far north, and Northern Ireland. Absent from Scottish Islands, the Isle of Man, the Isles of Scilly and the Channel Islands.

When to see

January – December

Facts

  • Badgers can eat several hundred earthworms a night! They’re also one of the only predators of hedgehogs – their thick skin and long claws help them to get past the spiny outside.
  • If there are badgers nearby, you can tempt them into your garden by leaving peanuts out – a tasty snack for our striped friends.

Common name

Badger

Species name

Meles meles

IUCN Red List status

Least concern

When to see in Scotland

January – December

Where to see in Scotland

Scottish Wildlife Trust reserves such as Cumbernauld Glen, Falls of Clyde, Gight Wood, Luggiebank Wood and West Quarry Braes

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