Silver Birch Betula pendula

Silver Birch is a familiar, small, spindly tree with thin branches and papery bark. It is found on heathland, moorland and mountainsides, as well as on dry, sandy soils. One of the first trees to recolonise the UK after the last glacial period, Silver Birch is an opportunistic species; its seeds are produced in huge numbers and dispersed easily by the wind.


Birches are easily recognised by their white, papery bark. The Silver Birch can be distinguished from the similar Downy Birch by its more triangular leaves, with jagged teeth, growing from hairless leaf stalks. It also has droopier branches and leaves.


Height: up to 30m





When to see

January – December


The Silver Birch is the foodplant for two species of shield bug: the Birch Shield Bug and the Parent Bug, both of which can both be found feeding on the catkins in the late summer.

Common name

Silver Birch

Species name

Betula pendula

When to see in Scotland

January – December

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