Wren Troglodytes troglodytes

The diminutive wren can be found in almost any habitat, anywhere there are insects to eat and sheltered bushes or rock crevices in which to build their domed nest out of moss and twigs. In fact, the wren is the most common breeding bird in Britain. It is scarcer in northern England and Scotland with the smallest numbers in upland areas. Wrens are a popular and welcome visitor to gardens in town and country. There are currently 8.5 million breeding wren territories.


A tiny brown bird with a short, cocked tail and loud voice, the wren is unmistakeable.


Length: 10cm Wingspan: 15cm Weight: 10g Average Lifespan: 2 years





When to see

January – December


Two subspecies of wren that occur in Britain, the Fair Isle wren (Troglodytes troglodytes Fridariensis) and St Kilda wren (Troglodytes troglodytes hirtensis) are listed as Priority Species in the UK Biodiversity Action Plan because both are endemic breeding birds of their respective isles in Scotland.

Common name


Species name

Troglodytes troglodytes

When to see in Scotland

January – December

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