We’ve collated the latest resources demonstrating the benefits, challenges and best practice to implementing nature-based solutions at a local, national and international level.


Key nature-based solutions organisations and reports

The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) engages in nature-based solutions to address major challenges, such as disaster risk reduction, food security and climate change. In order to mainstream the concept, IUCN has developed a standard to facilitate the design, verification and scaling up of nature-based solutions.

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The European Commission is promoting research and innovation for the progression of nature-based solutions through funding, collaboration and European Union policy priorities.

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The Nature-based Solutions Initiative is an interdisciplinary programme of research, education and policy advice based at the University of Oxford. Its mission is to enhance understanding of the potential of nature-based solutions to address multiple global challenges and support their sustainable implementation worldwide.

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The British Ecological Society’s landmark 2021 report on nature-based solutions for climate change in the UK.

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Habitat-specific resources

Find out more on our Towns and Cities Resources page.

Trees, green roofs, rain gardens and urban farming are among some of the nature-based solutions that can be integrated into the urban environment to improve climate resilience and the health and well-being of those who live and work in our towns and cities.

Peatland and soils are the largest terrestrial carbon store. By conserving and restoring these ecosystems we can ensure the carbon stays locked up and that further carbon is absorbed from the atmosphere.

The marine and coastal environments have immense potential for nature-based solutions. However there are still considerable gaps in our knowledge of marine and coastal nature-based solutions in Scotland. Here is the available evidence for Scotland and beyond…

Woodlands and forests provide multiple benefits to people and wildlife, but not all trees are equal. For these ecosystems to have the greatest impact on climate change and biodiversity, while also providing resources for people, we need to make sure the evidence is available and used correctly.

Implementing nature-based solutions for agriculture can improve food security, reduce risk from flooding and drought and provide green jobs. There are many different options for nature-based solutions in grassland and farmland. Explore the evidence…

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