Otter (Lutra lutra)


Otters are one of our top predators, feeding mainly on fish, waterbirds, amphibians and crustaceans. Otters have their cubs in underground burrows, known as a 'holt'. Excellent and lithe swimmers, the young are in the water by 10 weeks of age. Otters are well suited to a life on the water as they have webbed feet, dense fur to keep them warm and can close their ears and nose when underwater. For the best chances of seeing an otter in the wild, try the west coast of Scotland, the Shetland Islands or some parts of Wales, northern England and East Anglia.

How to identify

Otters can be distinguished from Mink by their much larger size, more powerful body, paler grey-brown fur, broader snout and broader, pale chest and throat.


Length: 90cm plus a tail of 45cm Weight: 10kg Average lifespan: up to 10 years

When to see them

Jan - Dec

Conservation status

Classified as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List. Listed under CITES Appendix 1, protected in the UK under the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981, and classified as a Priority Species in the UK Biodiversity Action Plan.


A rare but widespread animal, now found almost throughout the country, but absent from parts of central and southern England, the Isle of Man, the Isles of Scilly and the Channel Islands.

Where to see them

Auchalton Meadow, Ayr Gorge Woodlands, Balgavies Loch, Ballachuan Hazelwood, Bawsinch and Duddingston, Belmaduthy Dam, Bemersyde Moss, Ben Mor Coigach, Brock Wood, Cambus Pools, Drummains Reedbed, Falls of Clyde, Feoch Meadows, Gailes Marsh, Garnock Floods, Garrion Gill, Gight Wood, Glen Moss, Grey Hill Grasslands, Handa Island, Hare and Dunhog Mosses, Isle of Eigg, Knapdale, Knockshinnoch Lagoons, Knowetop Lochs, Largiebaan, Linhouse Glen, Linn Dean, Loch Fleet, Loch Libo, Loch of Lintrathen, Loch of the Lowes, Lower Nethan Gorge, Luggiebank Wood, Milkhall Pond, Pease Dean, Possil Marsh, Rahoy Hills, Shewalton Sandpits, Southwick Coast, Spey Bay, Tummel Shingle Islands, Upper Nethan Gorge, Yetholm Loch

Did you know?

Seeing the signs of otters is far easier than seeing the animals themselves. Along riverbanks and waterways, look for five-toed footprints (about 6-7cm long) and droppings or 'spraints'. Otters leave spraints in prominent places, such as fallen trees, weirs and bridges, as 'scented messages', helping them to find mates and defend territories. They contain visible fish bones and have a distinctive, pleasant smell, reminiscent of Jasmine tea!


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