Home to over 90,000 species, Scotland is well known as a country of outstanding scenery with hills, lochs, an extensive and varied coastline and numerous islands.

Though this may appear natural, the land has been modified by humans for thousands of years. This has led to a very different landscape - a fragmented one within which wildlife has become increasingly vulnerable and costly to protect. Though people are now far more aware than they were in the past, threats from habitat loss, pollution, over-exploitation and climate change still abound.

To address this and provide a secure future for the wildlife of Scotland, landscape and ecosystem scale initiatives are essential to heal this fragmented and vulnerable land. A daunting challenge or an exciting opportunity?

Click on the letters above to learn more about Scotland's iconic species, or use the search box to find what you're looking for. Both common and scientific names are searchable.


The Scottish Wildlife Trust is a company limited by guarantee, registered in Scotland (registered number SC040247), having its registered office at

Harbourside House, 110 Commercial St, Edinburgh EH6 6NF. It is also a Scottish registered charity (charity number SC005792). Privacy policy & Cookie policy.